of Victoria - Schools Program (Australia) Develops and provides information
to preschools, primary and secondary schools. Provides policy advice and
training for teachers. Includes a PDF file [Be SunSmart] for Lower to Middle
Secondary - Health Education
Carcinoma ``Basal Cell Carcinoma (B.C.C or Rodent Ulcer) is the
most common form of skin cancer. Over 30,000 new cases of B.C.C's are reported
each year in the UK Fortunately it is a very slow growing form of skin
cancer and rarely spreads to other areas or organs in the body. If left
untreated, B.C.C.s can disfigure, especially on the face - therefore early
recognition and treatment are important. B.C.C.s are caused by long-term
exposure to sunlight and frequently occur on sun exposed skin, such as
the face, scalp, ears, hands, shoulders and back. The white adult population
is at risk of developing B.C.C.s, although most at risk are out door workers,
sailors and the very fair skinned. B.C.C.s are frequently seen in persons
aged over 50 years, but a greater number of younger adults are developing
this form of skin cancer. Wessex Cancer Trust, 1996
Basal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer,
it occurs when basal cells (round cells found in the outer layer of skin)
become cancerous. The second most common type of skin cancer is Squamous
Cell Carcinoma, this is where squamous cells (the flat, scaly cells
on the surface of the skin) become malignant . Cure rates are very high
for both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. In addition
there are a number of other, less common cancers starting in the skin including
Merkel cell tumours and cutaneous lymphomas and sarcomas (see the sections
on sarcoma and lymphoma for more information about these). University
of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Eyelid Skin Cancer
Skin cancer often involves the skin of the eyelid or adjacent face. Eyelid
skin cancers occur most often on the lower eyelid, but may be found anywhere
on the eyelid margins, corners of the eye, eyebrow skin, or adjacent areas
of the face. Usually, they appear as painless elevations or nodules. Occasionally,
the eyelashes are distorted or missing. There may be ulcerations of the
involved area, along with bleeding, crusting, and/or distortion of the
normal skin structure. Such findings need to be evaluated and may require
a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of skin cancer. ASOPRS
Merkel cell cancer (also known as trabecular cancer, or
neuroendocrine cancer of the skin) is a rare type of malignancy developing
on or just beneath the skin. These tumours can develop at any age, but
the peak incidence is between ages 60 - 80. They are more frequent in white
people, the most common sites of diseases are the face or scalp and other
areas of high sun exposure.
Skin Cancer(American Cancer Society) an online booklet including
details about diagnosis, staging, treatment etc.
NON-MELANOMA SKIN CANCER (NMSC)
``NON-MELANOMA SKIN CANCER (NMSC) All NMSCs share a common aetiology
in sun-exposure. They increase in incidence as one moves north along the
coastal regions of Australia, and their occurrence on the body is proportional
to the amount of exposure of..
Depletion and Skin Cancer Incidence Harry Slaper, Guus J .M. Velders,
John S. Daniel, Frank R. deGruijl and Jan C. van der Leun Nature
1996;384:256-258 (November 21, 1996) `` The 1985 Vienna Convention
provided the framework for international restrictions on the production
of ozone depleting substances.``
skin cancer`` The purposes of this summary on skin cancer prevention
are to give information on skin cancer and how often
it occurs describe skin cancer prevention methods give
current facts about which people or groups of people would most likely
be helped by following skin cancer prevention methods. ``CancerNet from
the National Cancer Institute
Carroll RJ, Day CL: Long-term recurrence rates in previously untreated
(primary) basal cell carcinoma: implications for patient follow-up. Journal
of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology 15(3): 315-328, 1989.
the most common type of cancer. It occurs more often in people with light
coloured skin who have had a high exposure to sunlight. The two most frequent
types of skin cancer are Basal Cell Carcinomas and Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
The third most frequent skin cancer is Melanoma, this is a malignancy of
the cells which give the skin it's colour (melanocytes). In addition there
are a number of other, less common cancers starting in the skin including
Merkel cell tumours, cutaneous lymphomas, and sarcomas (see the pages on
sarcoma and lymphoma in this guide)`` (University
of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK )
Skin Cancer Fact Sheet
``Skin cancer is the uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in a layer
of the skin. It attacks one out of every seven Americans each year, making
it the most prevalent form of cancer. However, ninety percent of all skin
cancers can be cured if detected and treated in time. There are several
different kinds of skin cancers, distinguished by the types of cells affected.
The three most common forms of skin cancer are: ...``American Society For
Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS)
to Choose a Doctor and Hospital for Your Treatment ``Hospitals and doctors
are not all alike… …they vary in quality due to differences in their training,
experience and service. These differences in quality become greater and
matter more when you need sophisticated medical care for a complex condition.
A surgeon who performs a complex procedure often, for example, has better
success with it than a surgeon who does the same procedure only occasionally.
The complication rate, death rate and effectiveness of the same procedure
may be many times higher at one hospital than another. Clearly, the doctor
and hospital that you choose have a direct impact on how well you do, especially
when you need treatment for a condition as serious as skin cancer.``The
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Skin Cancer Information
from Memorial Sloan-Kettering There are
an estimated 800,000 cases of skin cancer a year. The three types of skin
cancer are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
These cancers most commonly affect people who have a light complexion and
an inablity to tan or are immune suppressed because of certain medications
or diseases. Exposure to the sun is the major environmental risk factor.
Cancer Is A Risk All Year Round`` More than 800,000 cases of highly
curable basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers re treated each year.
Melanoma, the most serious skin cancer, was diagnosed in about 64,000 people
in 1997 and continues to increase about four percent annually. An estimated
9,000 people die from skin cancer each year.``Scripps Clinic
- And Your Plastic Surgeon. ``Skin cancer is the most common form of
cancer in the United States. More than 500,000 new cases are reported each
year-and the incidence is rising faster than any other type of cancer.
While skin cancers can be found on any part of the body, about 80 percent
appear on the face, head, or neck, where they can be disfiguring as well
as dangerous.``American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
of melanoma skin cancer is the most desirable weapon against this disease.
Regular self-examination is critical in detecting skin cancer early.Look
for the ABCD's of melanoma. Report any suspicious skin developments to
``Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer. Each year, more that
600,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with skin cancer.
When found and treated early, most skin cancers can be cured. `` Kettering
Medical Center, Dayton, OH.
``Cancer of the skin is the most common of all cancers. About 700,000 cases
of skin cancer occur in this country each year. Skin cancer most often
occurs among older, fair-skinned people and is rare among black people.
University of Pittsburgh
- Cancer Institute - Melanoma CenterThis center has extensive expertise
in understanding and treating melanoma, a potentially fatal and increasingly
common skin cancer. The center employs a comprehensive approach to the
prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of melanoma. Center researchers pay
particular attention to how the disease develops, what new and combinations
of old drugs will work best against it, and how the body's defenses against
it can be strengthened. Because of the center's strong research programs,
patients can access the latest treatment advances, such as cancer vaccines,
new biological therapies, and potential gene therapies. Currently, the
center is leading national and international studies of highly promising
new treatments for melanoma.