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HELLENIC  ASSOCIATION  DERMATOLOGY - VENEREOLOGY

MYCOLOGY  RESOURCES 3

  • Medical Mycology Research Center The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas, USA `` About Medical Mycology. Mycology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of fungi . Medical Mycology is a specialized area concerned with the study of fungi that are capable of causing disease in humans and animals. It has been  estimated that there are approximately 1.5 million species of fungi, of these there are approximately 400 species that have proved to be agents of disease in humans and animals. The majority of the pathogenic species are     classified within the Kingdom Fungi, Phyla Zygomycota, Basidiomycota , Ascomycota and the form group Fungi Imperfecti. Fungi (singular = fungus) including those pathogenic to human and animals are eukaryoticmicroorganisms that can be conveniently separated into two basic groups, moulds and yeast. Moulds consist ofthose fungi that grow in a filamentous form, whereas yeast are characterized by solitary cells that reproduce by budding. Their nucleus like that of other eukaryotic organisms contains a nucleolus and several chromosomesthat are bound by a nuclear membrane. Hyphal cells in septate hyphae may be uninucleate, binucleate, or multinucleate. For the most part, cellular and nuclear division are independent events, especially with respect to vegetative growth. As in other eukaryotic organisms, fungi have mitochondria, 80s ribosomes and centrioles. The cell wall of fungi consist of chitin, chitosan, glucan, mannan, other components in various combinations. Fungi are carbon heterotrophs, therefore they require preformed organic compounds as carbon sources. Fungi do notcontain chlorophyll.The actinomycetes are prokaryotic; gram positive filamentous bacteria. . The actinomycetes serve as a host tobacteriophages, whereas fungi cannot serve as their host. These organisms are sensitive to antibacterial agentssuch as penicillin, but not to antimycotic agents such as amphotericin B , the opposite is true for fungi. Historically, because of their microscopic morphology, some actinomycetes have been studied by medical  mycologists. ``
  • Questions and Answers Regarding Candida Testing
  • Randomised double blind comparison of terbinafine and itraconazole for treatment of toenail tinea infection
  • RCPA Mycology Quality Assurance Programme
  • Recurrent Yeast Infections
  • Regulation of The Immune Response to Candida Albicans by Monocyte and Progesterone"
  • Relapses of Onychomycosis after Successful Treatment with Systemic Antifungals: A Three-Year Follow-Up  A. Tosti, B.M. Piraccini, C. Stinchi, M.D. Colombo Dermatology 1998, 197:2:162-166.
  • Repeated-Dose Pharmacokinetics of an Oral Solution of Itraconazole in Infants and ChildrenLouis de Repentigny, Johanne Ratelle,  Jean-Marie Leclerc,  Guy Cornu Étienne M. Sokal, Philippe Jacqmin, and Karel de Beule.  Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Feb. 1998, p. 404-408  Copyright © 1998, American Society for Microbiology
  • Response of Mixed Oropharyngeal Fungal Infections To Fluconazole  Arthur M. Quart, DDS, MSD, Philip Gialanella, MS, Rosalie Giardina, BS, Daniel Reich, DMD, C. Douglas Webb, PhD  [Infect Med 15(6):379-384, 1998 Medscape full text article
  • RES Plant Pathology Home Page
  • Resources. The WWW VL
  • Rhizopus
  • Ringworm
  • Ringworm(Mayo Clinic)
  • Ringworm Fungal Infections Tinea Capitis (scalp) Tinea Corporis (body) *TIP SHEET
  • Ringworm -Pediatric-Text and images Empower Health Corporation
  • Ringworm (Tinea corporis)
  • Ringworm (Tinea) Fact Sheet - EDCP, Maryland (US)
  • Ringworm in Children - Children's Health Beat (US)
  • Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar for DermatophytesMycology Online
  • Saccharomyces genome Information Server (gopher)
  • SaprophytesMycology Online
  • Sci.Bio.Microbiology
  • Sci.bio.Pathology
  • Science:Biology:Botany:Mycology(Fungi)
  • Scottsdale; Hill Top Research Study to evaluate a topical treatment for Athlete's Foot fungus between the toes.
  • Section A Item 2 - Oral Candidiasis
  • SERG Index Page
  • Serodiagnosis of opportunistic fungal infections
  • Serology
  • Severe Candida krusei infection in an AIDS patient receiving long-term treatment with fluconazole [letter]
  • Severe osteomyelitis due to the zygomycete Apophysomyces elegans.  JF Meis, BJ Kullberg, M Pruszczynski, and RP Veth.  J. Clin. Microbiol. 1994 32: 3078-3081.
  • Sexual and Asexual Reproduction 18th Fungal Genetics Conference March 21-26, 1995
  • Shake flask culture of Laccaria laccata...
  • Side Effects Reported With Terbinafine Use Sherry Boschert, San Francisco Bureau [Skin & Allergy News 29(6):30, 1998. © 1998 International Medical News Group.]
  • Sinus aspergillosis Fungal Research Trus
  • Skin lesion KOH exam - from: Healthanswers
  • Skin lesion of Blastomycosis - from: Healthanswers
  • Skin lesion of Coccidioidomycosis - from: Healthanswers
  • Skin lesion of Histoplasmosis
  • Skin pathology specimens
  • Slide Culture Preparations Mycology Online
  • Southgate's Mucicarmine stain Mycology Online
  • Specimen Collection and Processing Mycology Online
  • Spectrum of Mycoses
  • Thomas J. Walsh and Dennis M. Dixon- Medical Microbilogy Textbook
  • Spontaneous (primary) candida peritonitis
  • sporangiospores
  • Sporanox (itraconazole)
  • SPORANOX ASPERGILLUS WEB SITE
  • Sporanox Now Indicated to Treat Fungal Nail Disease P\S\L Consulting Group Inc.
  • SPORANOX Sets Records For Treatment of Toenail Fungus  P\S\L Consulting Group Inc.
  • Spores and mycelia in cutaneous chromomycosis  by Min-Wei Christine Lee, MD, MPH, Sylvia Hsu, MD, Theodore Rosen, MD (J Am Acad Dermatol     1998;39:850-2.)
  • Sporotrichosis - NCIDOD/CDC (US)
  • Sporotrichosis - New York State Dept. of Health (US)
  • Sporotrichosis  Boston University Medical Center
  • Sporotrichosis Fact Sheet
  • Sporothrix schenckii HHS Publication No. (CDC) 93-8395
  • Sporothrix schenckii
  • Sporothrix schenckii BMBL-Section VII-Fungal Agents
  • Status and Limitations of Diagnosis and Therapy of Systemic Fungal Infections
  • SUBCUTANEOUS FUNGAL PATHOGENS   UNIVERSITY OF  MEDICINE AND DENTISTRY OF NEW JERSEY
  • Subcutaneous mycoses Mycology Online
  • Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis and nocardiosis in a kidney transplant patient Heather F. McCown and Eleanor E. Sahn, MD,-Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology May 1997 volume 36 number 5 part 2
  • Superficial Fungal Infections of the Skin by Paul Rolincik, M.D. Boston University
  • Superficial mycoses Mycology Online
  • Swedish Mycological Society (SMF)
  • Systemic antifungal therapy: past, present and future Ibrahim Al-Mohsen, MD; Walter T. Hughes, MD
  • Systemic Antifungal Treatment of Children withTerbinafine Dermatology Vol 195, No. 2, 1997
  • Systematic Botany and Mycology
  • Systemic candidosis
  • Systemic mycoses
  • Takaaki Ishii's Homepage
  • Targets for Inhibiting Proliferation or Virulence
  • Taylorís Lab at UC Berkeley (Molecular Evolution of Fungi)
  • Taxa in the mycological herbarium
  • Taxonomy Browser, information about a multitude of organisms
  • Teikyo Institute of Medical Mycology - English or Japanese - Includes an Atlas and Culture Collection
  • Teikyo University, Institute of Medical Mycology  539 Otsuka, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0395 JAPAN Tel:+81-426-78-3256 / +81-426-76-3003 Fax:+81-426-74-9190 -Director and Professor Hideyo YAMAGUCHI , M.D., Ph.D. (in Japanese;   update 2/24/97)
  • Terbinafine Tablets for Onychomycosis Reprinted from the July 1996 issue [Med Sci Bull. 1996;18(11):3]
  • Terbinafine: An update by Aditya K. Gupta, MD, FRCPC, and Neil H. Shear, MD,    FRCPC, -Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology December 1997 volume 37 number 6
  • Terbinafine therapy may be associated with the development of psoriasis de novo or its exacerbation: Four case reports and a review of drug-induced psoriasisAditya K. Gupta, MD, FRCPC, R. Gary Sibbald, MD, FRCPC, Sandra R. Knowles, BSc, Phm, Charles W. Lynde, MD, FRCPC, and Neil H. Shear, MD, FRCPC, -Journal of the American Academy of
  • Dermatology May 1997 volume 36 number 5 part 2
  • Terbanifine versus itraconazole: A controlled clinical comparison in onychomycosis of the toenails M. Bräutigam, PhD -Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology May 1998 volume 38 number 5 part 3
  • TERBINAFINE (LAMISIL) - AN ORAL ANTIFUNGAL FOR ONYCHOMYCOSIS Gopi Rana-Mukkavilli, M.D., F.A.C.P. Clinical Assistant Professor in Medicine. New York University Medical Center -medconnect
  • The American Society for Microbiology
  • The Antibody Resource Page
  • The Antifungal Drugs Michael A. Ball, DVM, Lecturer, Department of Pharmacology, Cornell University
  • The Associazione Micologica Bresadola
  • The Bionet Usenet Groups in the WWW
  • The Body: Candidiasis
  • The British Columbia Ectomycorrhizal Research Network (BCERN)
  • The Candida Albicans Mystery
  • The Candida Page [D. Weiss] - (US)
  • The Candida Page.  Candida Albicans/Candidiasis Web Sites
  • The Candida Yeast Answer
  • The Cantharellus research group
  • The Chronic Candidiasis Syndrome [? Darren]
  • The Chronic Candidiasis Syndrome- OAM 1996-1997
  • The classification of fungal genera from the 8th edition of the Dictionary of the Fungi.
  • The Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases  National Center  for Infectious Diseases, USA -Combining epidemiology and laboratory science to promote public health
  • The Fisher Scientific Internet Catalog
  • The Forsburg Lab Home Pages (Fission Yeast Biology)
  • The Fungal & Soil Ecology Lab (FASEL)
  • THE FUNGI   by Neal R. Chamberlain, Ph.D.: Last updated 3/4/99
  • THE FUNGI, PART 1 - THE YEASTS BIO 141 MICROBIOLOGY  LAB MANUAL
  • The history of mycology
  • The Imidazoles & Triazoles (the "Azoles") Michael A. Ball, DVM, Lecturer, Department of Pharmacology, Cornell University
  • The Italian Mycopage
  • The Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology ``The prime aim of the Journal is to present    the best work in the field from throughout the world, providing a comprehensive reference base both for medical mycologists and for clinicians, infectious disease physicians and microbiologists  who encounter fungal problems in their routine clinical or laboratory practice.
  • The Lab-depot a Company with information about laboratory products
  • The Lichenologist
  • The Microbial Underground!
  • The Microbial World Yeasts and yeast-like fungi: Saccharomyces, Cryptococcus and Candida albicans
  • The Monilia Information Page
  • The Mushroom Growers' Newsletter
  • The Mycelium Welcome Page
  • The Mycological Herbarium, University of Oslo
  • The Mycological Society of America
  • The Mycologistis a quarterly journal published for the British Mycological Society.
  • The Mycopage Image Archive
  • The Mycoses
  • The Nail Center, with pictures
  • The National Centre for Mycology ``The National Centre for Mycology was established at the Provincial Laboratory of Public Health for Northern Alberta in Edmonton in April, 1983 under the auspices of Health and Welfare Canada and operates in conjunction with the Laboratory Centre for Disease Control in Ottawa. The Centre provides a variety of diagnostic tests, both routine and esoteric testing, which are not performed at all provincial health laboratories and also provides consultation, continuing education and research. ``
  • The National Skin Centre of Singapore
  • The Parasitology Images List
  • The Physician and Sportsmedicine: Bladder and 'Yeast' Infections
  • The Physiology of Fungal Nutrition  - Jennings, D.H. Cambridge University Press
  • The Regional Mycology Reference Laboratory. University of Glasgow. Department of Dermatology.  A CPA Accredited Laboratory Medical Mycology Diagnostic Services. Superficial, subcutaneous and systemic fungal infections
  • THE ROOT BIOLOGY AND MYCORRHIZA RESEARCH GROUP
  • The Royal Botanic Garden at Edinburgh
  • The Second NIAID Workshop in Medical Mycology: Molecular and Immunologic Approaches to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Systemic Mycoses
  • The South African Medicines Formulary: ANTIMYCOTICS FOR SYSTEMIC USE
  • The Subtle Differences Among Antifungals Sheila Stavish, San Francisco Bureau. [Skin & Allergy News 29(6):30, 1998. © 1998 International Medical News Group.]
  • The University of the West Indies Mycorrhizae Research Group
  • The World Wide Web Virtual Library of Biosciences, search the MSDS forms
  • The WWW Virtual Library: Biosciences
  • The WWW Virtual Library: Mycology
  • The Yeast Connection
  • Thrush (candidiasis) ARIC's AIDS Medical Glossary On-Line
  • TINEA - LINKS
  • Tom Volk's Fungi web pages and gopher - Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology and Microbiology at the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.
  • Topic Summary and Speakers-NIAD  ``The NIAID recognizes medical mycology as an area in need of development. An Institute-sponsored workshop on "Mycology Research in the 1990's" in Chicago, Illinois, 28-29 September 1991 addressed the increasing importance of medical mycology.Twenty medical mycologists from throughout the United States were invited to discuss The issues and to conceptualize and condense the active research areas into topic areas in  need of development. Five areas were targeted for focus. These were molecular mycology, diagnosis and treatment, immunology, antigen structure and function, and epidemiology. Each of these five topic areas was targeted for development into a separate workshop/minisymposium, co-sponsored by the NIAID and educational grants raised by the medical mycological community. "Molecular Medical Mycology," the first workshop in the series, was held in Minneapolis, MN on 24-26 June, 1993 and chaired by Dr. Paul T. Magee. One hundred and forty-seven mycologists attended and exchanged ideas. A key to the success of information exchange was the utilization of "break out" sessions that provided an informal setting for free exchange of ideas, an opportunity for a more active involvement for all of the participants, and an environment fostering new collaborations. "Molecular and Immunologic Approaches to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Systemic Mycoses," the second workshop in the series, was held on the campus of Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, 8-11 June 1994. The workshop format was modeled after the first in the series, and was attended by 80 registrants. I believe the workshop series continues to be successful in accomplishing the stated goals, and that this success is representative of the field of medical mycology whose time has come. Finally, I would like to thank all those who contributed to the success of this workshop, including all of the participants, organizing and writing committees, and especially Drs. John algiani and Michael Pfaller who chaired and took lead roles in organizing this outstanding event whose findings are still timely. John R. La Montagne, Ph.D. Director Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, NIAID ``
  • Treasures from the Kingdom of Fungi
  • Treatment of Candidiasis
  • Treatment of interdigital tinea pedis with a 4-week once-daily regimen of butenafine hydrochloride 1% cream Eduardo Tschen, MD, Boni Elewski, MD, David C. Gorsulowsky, MD, and David M. Pariser, MD-Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology February 1997 volume 36 number 2 part 1
  • Treatment of invasive fungal infections. Hospital Medicine April 1998, Vol 59, No 4
  • Treatment of mycoses
  • TREATMENT OF SUPERFICIAL FUNGAL INFECTIONS OF SKIN AND NAILS St. James's Hospital, Dublin Ireland
  • Treatment of Endemic Fungal Infections in Patients With Cancer
  • Treatment of tinea capitis with itraconazole capsule pulse therapy Aditya K. Gupta, MD, FRCPC, Sophie L. R. Hofstader, MD, FRCPC, Richard C. Summerbell, PhD, Robert Solomon, MD, FRCPC, Paul Adam, MD, FRCPC, Mercy Alexis, MD, FRCPC, Noufal Raboobee, MD, and Piet De Doncker, PhDg  (J Am Acad     Dermatol 1998;39:216-9.)
  • Treating Fungal Nail Disease David Sabet, D.P.M.
  • Tree of Life - Fungi
  • TreeBase a Database of Phylogenetic Knowledge
  • Trichomycosis Axillaris  Rhett J. Drugge, MD, Internet Dermatology Society, Stamford, Connecticut
  • Tropical Medicine, Information and links about Tropical Medicine, part of the Emory University MedWeb
  • Tucson; Hill Top Research Study of a topical treatment for Athlete's Foot fungus
  • Twelve weeks of continuous oral therapy for toenail onychomycosis caused by dermatophytes: A double-blind comparative trial of terbinafine 250 mg/day versus itraconazole 200 mg/day M. De Backer, MD, C. De Vroey, PhD, E. Lesaffre, PhD, I. Scheys,    MS, and P. De Keyser, MD -Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology May 1998 volume 38 number 5 part 3
  • Types of infection
  • UCMP Web Lift to Any Taxon, find information about many taxa
  • Understanding Ringworm Infection
  • University of Adelaide, Mycorrhizal Research Group University of Arizona (Northern Arizona University) Flagstaff, AZ June 8-11, 1994
  • University of California at Berkeley  Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
  • University of Tennessee - Mycology Lab
  • YOUR PODIATRIC PHYSICIAN TALKS ABOUT FUNGAL NAILS This pamphlet is one of a series produced by APMA.
  • USDA Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory
  • USDA-ARS Horticultural Crops Research Lab. (Corvallis, OR)
  • VA Mycorrhizae (Japan)
  • Vaginal Infections and Vaginitis
  • Vaginitis
  • Vaginitis: Commonly Asked Questions
  • Valley Fever Center for Excellence - AZ (US)
  • VAM 80 Web Site
  • Veterinary Mycology School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin - M
  • Viricidal effects of Lactobacillus and yeast fermentation.
  • Virulence Factors of Cryptococcus neoformans   A.J. Hamilton and J. Goodley Curr Top Med Mycol 1996, 7(1): 19-42. Dermatology Unit, St. John's Institute, Clinical Sciences Department, 18th Floor, Guys Tower, Guys Hospital, London, SE1 9RT, U.K.
  • Vulvovaginal Candidiasis
  • Vulvovaginal Candidiasis
  • Vulvovaginal Candidiasis: Topical vs. Oral Therapy. MARLA J. TOBIN, MD, Higginsville, Missouri.
  • Vulvovaginal Candidosis: Theory and Practice - by Mendling Book, Delasco.
  • Weekly Fluconazole to Prevent Candida. (GMHC)
  • West Indies Mycorrhizae Research Group
  • West Palm Beach; Hill Top Research Study to evaluate a topical treatment for Athlete's Foot fungus between the toes.
  • What are Yeasts? - Stanford (US), and Some Yeast Experiments
  • What is Candida Albicans?
  • What are dermatophytes? The National Centre for Mycology
  • World Health Organization
  • World of Dermatophytes: A Pictorial The National Centre for Mycology
  • World of Dermatophytes: A Pictorial-Distribution of Dermatophytes  The National Centre for Mycology
  • XIII Congress of European Mycologists (Madrid, Spain, 1999)
  • Xylariaceae: Home Page
  • Yeast (Fission, and Candida).
  • Yeast Connection This site gives information on how to treat psoriasis using an alternative way by using yeast as treatment for the skin disorder.
  • Yeast genome web site at Stanford
  • Yeast Journal
  • Yeast home page (Stanford University)
  • Yeast Infection Homepage
  • Yeast Infection, Skin
  • Yeast Infections
  • Yeast Infections.Sexual Education Center - University of Toronto ``There are different types of infection that can cause irritation in the vaginal area. Yeast is only one of them and it is sometimes difficult to tell the difference between them (vaginitis, bacteria and Trichonomiasis are three others). If you are going to treat a yeast infection aggressively (ie: with medical treatments), then try and be sure that it is a yeast infection first. If this is your first yeast infection, then see your doctor and have a culture done (although yeast does not always turn up on a culture) or read up carefully on the symptoms of a yeast infection.``
  • Yeast Researchers: on-line directory
  • Yeast Syndrome
  • Yeast topics
  • Yeasts Mycology Online
  • Using Gentian Violet Nursing Mother Supplies
  • U.S. National Fungus Collections databases
  • World Data Center on Microorganisms
  • World-Wide Web Virtual Library: Mycology
  • World-Wide Web Virtual Library: Yeast
  • WWW.Mycology and Medical Mycology
  • Zippo News Server Browse all the Usenet Newsgroups using this WWW site The Usenet Groups
  • Zygomycetes Mycology Online
  • Zygomycosis
  • Zygomycosis Outline

  • INDEX OF THE FUNGI (FROM  ``MYCOLOGY ON LINE``)
  • (Univ. of Adelaide, Australia)
  • Access to Mycology Online is free but you are invited to register and provide feedback on this service.
  •  Candida albicans
  •  Candida krusei
  •  Candida parapsilosis
  •  Candida tropicalis
  •  Candida viswanathii
  •  Candida glabrata
  •  Candida famata
  •  Candida guilliermondii
  •  Blastomyces dermatitidis
  •  Candida norvegensis
  •  Candida lusitaniae
  •  Candida kefyr
  •  Candida haemulonii
  •  Absidia corymbifera
  •  Acremonium sp.
  •  Alternaria sp.
  •  Aspergillus flavus
  •  Aspergillus fumigatus
  •  Aspergillus nidulans
  •  Aspergillus niger
  •  Aspergillus terreus
  •  Beauveria sp.
  •  Blastomyces dermatitidis
  •  Histoplasma capsulatum
  •  Hendersonula toruloidea
  •  Geotrichum candidum
  •  Fusarium sp.
  •  Fonsecaea pedrosoi
  •  Exophiala sp.
  •  Exophiala jeanselmei
  •  Epidermophyton floccosum
  •  Epicoccum nigrum
  •  Drechslera sp.
  •  Madurella grisea
  •  Madurella mycetomatis
  •  Malassezia furfur
  •  Microsporum audouinii
  •  Microsporum canis
  •  Microsporum canis var. disortum
  •  Microsporum cookei
  •  Microsporum equinum
  •  Microsporum ferrugineum
  •  Microsporum fulvum
  •  Microsporum gallinae
  •  Microsporum gypseum
  •  Microsporum nanum
  •  Microsporum persicolor
  •  Microsporum sp.
  •  Mucor sp.
  •  Paecilomyces sp.
  •  Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
  •  Penicillium sp.
  •  Phaeoannellomyces werneckii
  •  Phialophora verrucosa
  •  Rhizomucor pusillus
  •  Rhizopus oryzae
  •  Rhizopus sp.
  •  Rhodotorula rubra
  •  Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  •  Scopulariopsis sp.
  •  Sepedonium sp.
  •  Sporothrix schenckii
  •  Stemphylium sp.
  •  Syncephalestrum sp.
  •  Trichoderma sp.
  •  Trichophyton ajelloi
  •  Trichophyton concentricum
  •  Trichophyton equinum
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophyes var. nodulare
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. erinacei
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. interdigitale
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. quinckeanum
  •  Trichophyton rubrum
  •  Trichophyton rubrum downy strain
  •  Trichophyton rubrum granular strain
  •  Trichophyton schoenleinii
  •  Trichophyton soudanense
  •  Trichophyton sp.
  •  Trichophyton terrestre
  •  Trichophyton tonsurans
  •  Trichophyton verrucosum
  •  Trichophyton violaceum
  •  Trichosporon beigelii
  •  Tricothecium roseum
  •  Ulocladium sp.
  •  Verticillium sp.
  •  Wangiella dermatitidis
  • G. Karakatsanis, Dermatologist.