MACEDONIAN  DERMATOLOGY
 

 

MYCOLOGY  RESOURCES
Medical Mycology Research Center The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas, USA `` About Medical Mycology
Mycology is the branch of biology that deals with the study of fungi . Medical Mycology is a specialized area concerned with the study of fungi that are capable of causing disease in humans and animals. It has been  estimated that there are approximately 1.5 million species of fungi, of these there are approximately 400 species that have proved to be agents of disease in humans and animals. The majority of the pathogenic species are     classified within the Kingdom Fungi, Phyla Zygomycota, Basidiomycota , Ascomycota and the form group Fungi Imperfecti. Fungi (singular = fungus) including those pathogenic to human and animals are eukaryotic microorganisms that can be conveniently separated into two basic groups, moulds and yeast. Moulds consist of those fungi that grow in a filamentous form, whereas yeast are characterized by solitary cells that reproduce by budding. Their nucleus like that of other eukaryotic organisms contains a nucleolus and several chromosomes that are bound by a nuclear membrane. Hyphal cells in septate hyphae may be uninucleate, binucleate, or multinucleate. For the most part, cellular and nuclear division are independent events, especially with respect to vegetative growth. As in other eukaryotic organisms, fungi have mitochondria, 80s ribosomes and centrioles. The cell wall of fungi consist of chitin, chitosan, glucan, mannan, other components in various combinations. Fungi are carbon heterotrophs, therefore they require preformed organic compounds as carbon sources. Fungi do not contain chlorophyll. The actinomycetes are prokaryotic; gram positive filamentous bacteria. . The actinomycetes serve as a host to bacteriophages, whereas fungi cannot serve as their host. These organisms are sensitive to antibacterial agents such as penicillin, but not to antimycotic agents such as amphotericin B , the opposite is true for fungi. Historically, because of their microscopic morphology, some actinomycetes have been studied by medical  mycologists. ``  

  • INDEX OF THE FUNGI (FROM  ``MYCOLOGY ON LINE``)
  • (Univ. of Adelaide, Australia)
  •  Candida albicans
  •  Candida krusei
  •  Candida parapsilosis
  •  Candida tropicalis
  •  Candida viswanathii
  •  Candida glabrata
  •  Candida famata
  •  Candida guilliermondii
  •  Blastomyces dermatitidis
  •  Candida norvegensis
  •  Candida lusitaniae
  •  Candida kefyr
  •  Candida haemulonii
  •  Absidia corymbifera
  •  Acremonium sp.
  •  Alternaria sp.
  •  Aspergillus flavus
  •  Aspergillus fumigatus
  •  Aspergillus nidulans
  •  Aspergillus niger
  •  Aspergillus terreus
  •  Beauveria sp.
  •  Blastomyces dermatitidis
  •  Histoplasma capsulatum
  •  Hendersonula toruloidea
  •  Geotrichum candidum
  •  Fusarium sp.
  •  Fonsecaea pedrosoi
  •  Exophiala sp.
  •  Exophiala jeanselmei
  •  Epidermophyton floccosum
  •  Epicoccum nigrum
  •  Drechslera sp.
  •  Madurella grisea
  •  Madurella mycetomatis
  •  Malassezia furfur
  •  Microsporum audouinii
  •  Microsporum canis
  •  Microsporum canis var. disortum
  •  Microsporum cookei
  •  Microsporum equinum
  •  Microsporum ferrugineum
  •  Microsporum fulvum
  •  Microsporum gallinae
  •  Microsporum gypseum
  •  Microsporum nanum
  •  Microsporum persicolor
  •  Microsporum sp.
  •  Mucor sp.
  •  Paecilomyces sp.
  •  Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
  •  Penicillium sp.
  •  Phaeoannellomyces werneckii
  •  Phialophora verrucosa
  •  Rhizomucor pusillus
  •  Rhizopus oryzae
  •  Rhizopus sp.
  •  Rhodotorula rubra
  •  Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  •  Scopulariopsis sp.
  •  Sepedonium sp.
  •  Sporothrix schenckii
  •  Stemphylium sp.
  •  Syncephalestrum sp.
  •  Trichoderma sp.
  •  Trichophyton ajelloi
  •  Trichophyton concentricum
  •  Trichophyton equinum
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophyes var. nodulare
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. erinacei
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. interdigitale
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes
  •  Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. quinckeanum
  •  Trichophyton rubrum
  •  Trichophyton rubrum downy strain
  •  Trichophyton rubrum granular strain
  •  Trichophyton schoenleinii
  •  Trichophyton soudanense
  •  Trichophyton sp.
  •  Trichophyton terrestre
  •  Trichophyton tonsurans
  •  Trichophyton verrucosum
  •  Trichophyton violaceum
  •  Trichosporon beigelii
  •  Tricothecium roseum
  •  Ulocladium sp.
  •  Verticillium sp.
  •  Wangiella dermatitidis

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    MACEDONIAN  DERMATOLOGY