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HELLENIC  ASSOCIATION  DERMATOLOGY - VENEREOLOGY
CIRCUMCISION
  • 33 foreskin photos.
  • 33 Photographs of The Intact Adult Male Foreskin
  • A Delicate Tissue Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • A GENERIC MODEL OF THE THOUGHT PROCESS PRECEDING VOLUNTARY CIRCUMCISION  ICON
  • A Glossary of Terms Related to Circumcision and the Genital Organs  Vernon Quaintance, MIBTE
  • A Prospective Survey of the Indications and Morbidity of Circumcision in Children D. Mervyn Griffiths, J.D. Atwell, N.V. Freeman.  European Urology. 11(3):184-7, 1985.
  • A TEMPERATE APPROACH TO NEONATAL CIRCUMCISION  JOHN W. DUCKETT, M.D. UROLOGY (1995), Volume 46, Pages 771-772.
  • A Tragedy Yields Insight Into Gender Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • AAP 1999 Circumcision Position Statement dmoz
  • AAP issues new stand on circumcision BlackFamilies.com
  • AAP RELEASES NEW POSITION STATEMENT ON CIRCUMCISION Circumcision Policy Statement.  AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Task Force on Circumcision.  PEDIATRICS, Volume 103, Number 3, Pages 686-693, March 1, 1999
  • Aboriginal puberty ritual (Australia) NOHARMM
  • Abstract of review Lidocaine-prilocaine cream  (EMLA) to reduce pain in male neonates undergoing  circumcision  Taddio A, Ohlsson A.
  • ACT is a non-for-profit organization educating people about Bris Milah, giving people information         and resources so that they can make an informed decision about circumcision.
  • Adult penile anatomy and function CIRP
  • Adult Penile Circumcision: Erotosexual and Cosmetic Sequelae
  • ADULT PENILE CIRCUMCISION: EROTOSEXUAL AND COSMETIC SEQUELAE  John Money and Jackie Davison. THE JOURNAL OF SEX RESEARCH Vol 19 No. 3, pp. 289-292 August 1983.
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Neonatal Circumcision Edward O. Laumann, PhD, Christopher M. Masi, MD. Ezra W. Zuckerman, MA. University of Chicago. Chicago, IL. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol 278 No 3, Pages 201-203, July 16, 1997.
  • Advantages of Neonatal Circumcision  Richard M. Parker, M.D.
  • Advice on Caring for Newborn's Penis The duPont Hospital for Children, The Nemours Children's Clinic
  • Aesthetics and body image.  The Gilgal Society, Lo
  • AIDS Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Alternative names Yahoo! Health  Resources
  • Alternative Rite to Female Circumcision Spreading in Kenya  - by Malik Stan Reaves - Nov 1997 - Africa News Online
  • AME - Association contre la Mutilation des Enfants  (Boulogne, France).
  • American Academy of Pediatrics Position Statement on Female Genital Mutilation (1998)
  • American Urological Association Position on Circumcision CIRCLIST
  • analgesia after the immediate postoperative period
  • ANALYSIS OF SHAPE AND RETRACTABILITY OF THE PREPUCE IN 603 JAPANESE BOYS. HIROYUKI KAYABA, HIROMI TAMURA, SEIICHI KITAJIMA, YOSHIYUKI FUJIWARA, TETSUO KATO AND TETSURO KATO. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, Volume 156 No. 5: Pages 1813-1815, November 1996.
  • Anatomy and Functions of the Male Foreskin  as described in Circumcision: Male - Effects Upon Human Sexuality  by Marilyn F. Milos, R.N. and Donna Macris, C.N.M. in Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia,  pp.119-121, NOHARMM
  • Anatomy of the Penis and Mechanics of Intercourse
  • Anatomy of the Penis and Mechanics of Intercourse - sketches
  • Anatomy of the Penis and Mechanics of Intercourse (anatomical and physiological illustrations) CIRP
  • Anatomy of the Penis and Mechanics of Intercourse: An Illustrated Guide Circumcision Information Pages
  • Anatomy Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Answers to Your Questions About Infant Circumcision NOCIRC
  • Anti-Circumcision Organisations New Zealand Men for Equal Rights Association
  • Anti-Circumcision Printed Resources New Zealand Men for Equal Rights Association
  • Are there any alternatives to circumcision?  The Gilgal Society, Lo
  • Aren’t you trying to piggyback on the FGC issue? NOHARMM
  • Articles of Interest dmoz
  • Articles on Circumcision - Men Web
  • Articles on circumcision  NOCIRC
  • As a men's organization, does that mean NOHARMM doesn't welcome women's participation?NOHARMM
  • Attorneys for the Rights of the Child
  • Australasian Association of Paediatric Surgeons (1996) CIRP
  • Australian College of Paediatrics (1983) CIRP
  • Australian College of Paediatrics (1996)  CIRP
  • Australian Medical Association (1996) CIRP
  • Baby’s pain sensitizes it to future pain Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Balanitis and Other Genital Conditions  Dr. K. W. Chow
  • Ballooning & Tight Foreskin - Personal Accounts & Non-Surgical Remedies
  • Better safe than sorry!
  • Bioethics and human rights index CIRP
  • Book Reviews Circumcision Information Pages
  • Books - Publications - Videos dmoz
  • Books, newsletters, videos, and websites NOCIRC
  • Brian Morris personal circumcision page
  • Bris Milah of Jewish infant (Israel) NOHARMM
  • But isn't circumcision only done for babies?  The Gilgal Society, London
  • But isn't the foreskin useful?  The Gilgal Society, Lo
  • Cancer of the PenisCircumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Care of intact and circumcised boys Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Care of Intact Boys dmoz
  • Care of the Circumcised Penis
  • Care of the Elderly CIRCLIST
  • Care of the Intact Penis
  • Care of the Uncircumcised Penis American Academy of Pediatrics
  • Ceremony following the Brit
  • Chats and Discussions dmoz
  • Childbirth is painful, why can't men take a little pain from circumcision? NOHARMM
  • Chymmylt's Foreskin Restoration Site.
  • Circumcised boys prone to penis problems, study shows NOHARMM
  • Circumcised Men
  • Circumcised Penis, PHOTO
  • Circumcision - A Guide to a Decision (ICIRC)
  • Circumcision - It's Not Necessary  by Benjamin Spock MD, Redbook, April 1989.
  • circumcision - Its source in the Torah
  • Circumcision & Masturbation Survey CIRCLIST
  • Circumcision and Genital Dermatoses  Eleanor Mallon, MRCP; David Hawkins, FRCP; Michael Dinneen, FRCS; Nicholas Francis, FRCPath; Louise Fearfield, MRCP; Roger Newson, DPhil; Christopher Bunker, FRCP Arch Dermatol. 2000;136:350-354
  • Circumcision & Shyness Survey Results CIRCLIST
  • Circumcision ~ The Basic Facts
  • Circumcision ~ The Basic Facts
  • Circumcision Alternatives NOHARMM
  • Circumcision and Care of the Infant Penis  by Richard M. Parker, M.D.
  • Circumcision and HIV infection: Review of the literature and meta-analysis (Van Howe/1999)
  • Circumcision and Occupation Geoffrey Francis
  • Circumcision and the Code of Ethics (Denniston/1996)
  • Circumcision as a Risk Factor for Urethritis in Racial Groups  Gregory L. Smith, MD, MPH, Robert Greenup, and Earnest Takafuji, MD, MPH. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 77 No. 4, pages 452-454. April 1987.
  • circumcision as immunization against life's problems
  • Circumcision At Different Ages (ICIRC)
  • Circumcision begins childhood pain (June 15, 1997) By Ruth TEICHROEB.
  • circumcision brings good news
  • Circumcision by army
  • Circumcision Care - Information from Eisenhower Army Medical Center Cpt Niel A. Johnson, M.D.
  • Circumcision Decision
  • Circumcision Diminishes Sensitivity
  • Circumcision Discussion Group CIRCLIST
  • Circumcision effects sexual pleasure of female partner
  • Circumcision Fact Sheet.Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Circumcision Facts and Arguments
  • Circumcision Facts  by Glenn M. J. Epps
  • Circumcision for Religious Reasons
  • Circumcision Genital Mutilation
  • Circumcision In Popular US Culture CIRCLIST
  • Circumcision in the Female: Its Necessity and How to Perform It NOHARMM
  • Circumcision in the NewsCircumcision Information Pages
  • CIRCUMCISION IN THE UNITED STATES Prevalence, Prophylactic Effects, and Sexual Practice Edward O. Laumann, PhD; Christopher M. Masi, MD; Ezra W. Zuckerman, MA.  JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, Vol. 277 No. 13, Pages 1052-1057. April 2, 1997.
  • Circumcision Information
  • Circumcision Information and Resource Pages
  • Circumcision Information and Resource Pages by Geoffrey Falk.
  • Circumcision Information Dr. Gerald N. Weiss, M.D.
  • Circumcision Information for Parents"  AAP pamphlet
  • Circumcision Information From Dr. Gerald Weiss
  • Circumcision Information Pages The Circumcision Information and Resource Pages are a not-for-profit educational resource and library. Tilted Media Group, Inc. is not responsible for the content of this site. CIRP makes documents available without charge, for informational purposes only. The content of this site is intended only to supplement, not to replace, the professional medical or legal advice of a licensed practitioner.
  • Circumcision Information Resource Centre  The Circumcision Information Resource Centre is a non-profit organisation located in Montréal, Québec, Canada which provides information about non-religious infant  circumcision and related topics, in English and French.
  • Circumcision Information  from the American Academy of Pediatrics
  • CIRCUMCISION INFORMATION, Gerald N. Weiss, M.D.
  • Circumcision is like immunization, isn't it? NOHARMM
  • Circumcision is thousands of years old and hasn’t seemed to have harmed people like the Jews and Moslems. Are you saying they’re damaged? NOHARMM
  • Circumcision is thousands of years old and hasn’t seemed to have harmed people like the Jews and Moslems. Are you saying they’re damaged? NOHARMM
  • Circumcision Issues ``Circumcision is the alteration or mutilation of genitalia, of females as well as males. It is a worldwide phenomenon and varies greatly. An excellent reference for female circumcision is Prisoners of Ritual: An Odyssey into Female Genital Circumcision in Africa, Hanny Lightfoot-Klein, New York, Haworth Press, 1989. And here are more pages on female circumcision. `` Eskimo North, Inc.
  • Circumcision Issues Page
  • Circumcision Issues  by Gary Burlingame
  • Circumcision Methods Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Circumcision No Longer a Popular Choice. Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Circumcision of healthy infants and children is not in their best interests (NOHARMM)
  • Circumcision of the FemaleNOHARMM
  • CIRCUMCISION OF THE NEWBORN MALE AND THE RISK OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION DURING THE FIRST YEAR: A META-ANALYSIS Dante Amato Juan Garduno-Espinosa. BOLETINO MEDICO INFANTE MEXICANO, Volume 49, Number 10, Pages 652-658, October 1992.
  • Circumcision Online News Mike Cormier
  • Circumcision Policy Statement Task Force on Circumcision. AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS.  PEDIATRICS, Volume 103, Number 3, Pages 686-693, March 1, 1999
  • Circumcision procedure: Surgical methods, costs, reimbursement CIRP
  • Circumcision Reference Library
  • Circumcision Reference Library CIRP
  • Circumcision Reference LibraryCircumcision Information Pages
  • Circumcision releated images CIRCLIST
  • CIRCUMCISION RESOURCE CENTER   The Circumcision Resource Center is a nonprofit educational organization with the purpose of informing the public and professionals about the practice of circumcision. Our mission is to raise awareness and facilitate healing. The Center is a valuable source of circumcision information for parents and children's advocates; childbirth educators and allied professionals; medical, mental health, and academic people; Jews; and others. Our Directors and Professional Advisory Board members consist of researchers and clinicians in the fields of medicine, mental health, and social science. Based on a review of medical and psychological literature and our own research and experience, we conclude that circumcision is not advisable. CIRCUMCISION RESOURCE CENTER P.O. Box 232 • Boston, MA 02133 • Tel/Fax (617)523-0088  crc@circumcision.org • www.circumcision.org
  • Circumcision reversal: Nonsurgical and Surgical methods CIRP
  • Circumcision statistics
  • Circumcision statisticsCIRP
  • CIRCUMCISION STATUS AND CANCER OF THE PENIS
  • CIRCUMCISION STATUS AND STD
  • CIRCUMCISION STATUS AND UTI IN INFANT MALES
  • Circumcision Survey Results CIRCLIST
  • Circumcision tied to higher STD risk.  An Exclusive from MSNBC!. April 3, 1997
  • Circumcision to Look Like Others Circumcision Resource Center
  • Circumcision traditions challenged Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • circumcision Wayne Hampton
  • CIRCUMCISION WEB In Memory of the Sexually Mutilated Child
  • Circumcision, Circumcise, Circumcised ``Circumcision is one of the oldest known surgical procedures in medicine. Circumcision of males has been widely practiced as a religious rite since ancient times. An initiatory rite of Judaism, circumcision is also practiced by Muslims, for whom it signifies spiritual purification. Although its origins are unknown, earliest evidence of the practice dates from ancient Egypt (2300 BC, see above). By the time of the Roman takeover of Egypt (30 BC), the practice had a ritual significance.. In the United States, Canada, Australia and throughout the Middle East and Africa, circumcision is still performed routinely on boys from infancy to adolescence.  Further many  males chose this procedure during adulthood. Additionally, some adult females also choose to have this procedure performed. CIRCLIST
  • Circumcision, Ethics, and Medicine Circumcision Resource Center
  • Circumcision, The Hidden Trauma, by Ronald Goldman Ph.D.
  • Circumcision: A Collection of Information Resources for Expectant Fathers  by Robin Verner
  • Circumcision: A Source of Jewish Pain  by Ronald Goldman. Circumcision Resource Center
  • Circumcision: Human Rights and Ethical Medical Practice, by James W. Prescott, Marilyn Fayre Milos and George C. Denniston. The Humanist, Volume 59, Number 3, May-June 1999, pages 45-45.
  • Circumcision: Information for Parents American Academy of Pediatrics
  • Circumcision: Is the Risk of Urinary Tract Infection Really the Pivotal Issue? John B. Chessare, MD, MPH. Clinical Pediatrics Volume 31 No 2. Pages 100-104, Feb. 1992.
  • Circumcision: Medical Journal Articles
  • Circumcision: Medical or Human Rights Issue? (Milos-Macris/1992)
  • CIRCUMCISION: The Medical Pros and Cons,  by Dr. Robert Steele at Parents Place
  • CIRCUMCISION: the virtual journal
  • Circumcision: The Virtual Journal
  • Circumcision: the virtual journal
  • Circumcision``The American Urological Association, Inc.® (AUA) believes that neonatal circumcision has potential medical benefits and advantages as well as disadvantages and risks. Neonatal circumcision is generally a rapid and safe procedure when performed by an experienced operator. There are immediate risks to circumcision such as bleeding, infection and penile injury, as well as complications recognized later that may include buried penis, meatal stenosis, skin bridges, chordee and poor cosmetic appearance. Some of these complications may require surgical correction. Nevertheless, when performed on healthy newborn infants as an elective procedure, the incidence of serious complications is low (usually isolated case reports). Minor complications are reported to be three percent. Properly performed neonatal circumcision prevents phimosis, paraphimosis and balanoposthitis, and may be associated with a decreased incidence of cancer of the penis among U.S. males. In addition, there appears to be a connection between the foreskin and urinary tract infections in the neonate. For the first three to six months of life, the incidence of urinary tract infections is at least ten times higher in uncircumcised than circumcised boys. Evidence associating circumcision with reduced incidence of sexually transmitted diseases is conflicting. Circumcision may be required in a small number of boys when phimosis, paraphimosis or recurrent balanoposthitis occur and may be requested for ethnic and cultural reasons after the newborn period. Circumcision in these children usually requires general anesthesia. When circumcision is being discussed with parents and informed consent obtained, medical benefits and risks, and ethnic, cultural, religious and individual preferences should be considered. The risks and disadvantages of circumcision are encountered early whereas the advantages and benefits may be prospective. The American Urological Association, Inc.® (AUA)
  • CLICK HERE TO VIEW THE IMAGES ICON
  • Clinical Features and management of recurrent balanitis; association with atopy and genital washing  H D L Birley, M M Walker, G A Luzzi, R Bell, D Taylor-Robinson, M Byrne, A M Renton. GENITOURINARY MEDICINE 1993; Volume 69: Pages 400-403
  • Clinical presentation and pathophysiology of meatal stenosis following circumcision. Persad R; Sharma S; McTavish J; Imber C; Mouriquand PD . BRITISH JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, Vol. 75 No 1: Pages 91-93, January 1995.
  • Clinical Presentation of Genital Warts Among Circumcised and Uncircumcised Heterosexual Men Attending an Urban STD Clinic L S Cook, L A Koutsky, K K Holmes. Genitourinary Medicine 1993, Vol. 69, Pages 262-264.
  • Cohort study on circumcision of newborn boys and subsequent risk of
  • Colleagues honor doctor for stand on circumcision Star Phoenix, August 6, 1998, page B7
  • Colleagues honour medical ethicist  McGill’s Somerville to receive award for stand on circumcision. By BRAD EVENSON. Ottawa Citizen, August 5, 1998, page A5
  • Common Penis Problems (ICIRC)
  • Comparisons Between Male Circumcision and Female "Circumcision"
  • complications
  • Complications from Circumcision   Mothers Against Circumcision
  • Complications of Circumcision
  • Complications of circumcision CIRP
  • Complications of Circumcision  George W. Kaplan, M.D. UROLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA, Vol. 10, No. 3, pages 543-549. August 1983.
  • COMPLICATIONS OF CIRCUMCISION  N. Williams and L. Kapila. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Volume 80, 1231-1236, October 1993
  • COMPLICATIONS OF THE CIRCUMCISION PROCEDURE
  • Consent for circumcision CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
  • Conservative treatment of penile problems (phimosis, adhesions, balanitis, etc.) CIRP
  • considerable evidence that newborns who are circumcised without analgesia experience pain and physiologic stress
  • Considering Circumcision?CIRCLIST
  • Contra-Indications(ICIRC)
  • Contrary to Popular Myth Cleaning is Easy by Mary G. Ray
  • Controversy over circumcision heightened in US after report Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • ConvalescenceYahoo! Health  Resources
  • Cultural and religious documents CIRP
  • Cultural and Religious IssuesCircumcision Information Pages
  • Cultural perspectives of circumcision  - By Else Houmoller-Jorgensen - Djembe Magazine, Apr 1996
  • Current events NOCIRC
  • Cyber Mosque: Circumcision Page
  • D.O.C. - Doctors Opposing Circumcision
  • Daddy, Why is Your Penis Different From Mine?, by Dick Gilkeson. Mentor, Fall 1992.
  • David Cappiello's Circumcision Page
  • Declaration of the First International Symposium on Circumcision Circumcision Information Pages
  • DefinitionYahoo! Health  Resources
  • Dept of Urology & Reproductive Health, Emory University
  • DescriptionYahoo! Health  Resources
  • Despite the parent's love for their child
  • Did circumcision ruin your sex life?” from Men’s Health, July/August 1998,
  • Differences between Male and Female Circumcision (Aldeeb/1995)
  • Disadvantages Of Circumcision (ICIRC)
  • Discovering Circumcision Feelings Circumcision Resource Center
  • Discovery of anaesthetic cream eases distress. Will circumcision pain ease? By Elaine MOYLE, Toronto Sun.
  • Dispose of properly
  • Do uncircumcised penises have more fun? Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Do you want to have him circumcised?
  • Doctor's Guide to the Internet
  • Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.) Home Page
  • Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.) Home Page
  • DOCTORS OPPOSING CIRCUMCISION (D.O.C.) Welcome to the Doctors Opposing Circumcision home page. D.O.C. is an organization of physicians, and others who are opposed to routine neonatal circumcision. D.O.C. has members in 50 States, 12 Canadian Provinces and Territories, and in nations on six continents. These doctors recognize that no one has the right to forcibly remove sexual body parts from another individual. They also believe that doctors should have no role in this painful, unnecessary procedure inflicted on the newborn.
  • Doctors urged to take stand on freeze-less circumcision (May 22, 1997) By Pamela FAYERMAN, Sun health issues reporter.
  • Document History (ICIRC)
  • Don't Believe the Knife: Circumcision is a Bad Habit Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Don't most people prefer circumcised partners? NOHARMM
  • Dorsal Penile Nerve Block (DPNB)
  • Eat dirt!
  • Education and Learning dmoz
  • Education key to ending 'cruel' circumcision By Tom ANDERSON. The Province, Vancouver, B.C., Nov. 25, 1997, page A31
  • Effect of male circumcision on the sexual enjoyment of the female partner K. O'HARA and J. O'HARA  BJU International, Volume 83, Supplement 1, Pages 79-84, January 1, 1999.
  • EFFECT OF NEONATAL CIRCUMCISION ON PAIN RESPONSES DURING VACCINATION IN BOYS.  Anna Taddio, Morton Goldbach, Moshe Ipp, Bonnie Stevens, Gideon Koren. THE LANCET (LONDON), VOL. 345 NO. 8945 : pp. 291-292.(4 FEBRUARY 1995)
  • Effect of timing of circumcision Neonatal circumcision revisited Fetus and Newborn Committee, Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS)
  • Effects of circumcision on breastfeeding, maternal bonding, and child development CIRP
  • Electronic Resources on Circumcision New Zealand Men for Equal Rights Association
  • Elijah's chair
  • EMBRYOLOGIC AND ANATOMIC CONSIDERATIONS
  • EMLA cream, containing a 2.5% lidocaine and 2.5% prilocaine,
  • Epidemiology Of Female Sexual Castration In Cairo, Egypt
  • Erroneous Belief Systems Underlying Female Genital Mutilation - by Hanny Lightfoot­Klein
  • Estimated U.S. Incidence of Neonatal Circumcision Complications (1940-1990) NOHARMM
  • Estimated Worldwide Incidence of Male Circumcision Complications NOHARMM
  • ETHICAL ISSUES
  • Ethical issues Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Ethics, law and circumcision  How do we balance respect for religion with a desire to reduce or end the practice of infant male circumcision?  MARGARET A. SOMERVILLE . The Globe and Mail, August 6, 1998, page A21
  • Expectations after surgery Yahoo! Health  Resources
  • Experiment of Nurture: Ablatio Penis at 2 Months, Sex Reassignment at 7 Months, and a Psychosexual Follow-up in Young Adulthood  Susan J. Bradley*, Gillian D. Oliver, Avinoam B. Chernick+, and Kenneth J. Zucker. PEDIATRICS Vol. 102 No. 1 July 1998, p. e9
  • Explaining Claims of Medical Benefits Circumcision Resource Center
  • Fatalities are rare, despite child's tender age
  • Fathering Magazine Circumcision Issues Page
  • Female circumcision
  • Female Circumcision And Child Mortality  - by Omar A. Mohamud - from Genus,1991
  • FEMALE CIRCUMCISION BANNED IN EGYPT
  • Female Circumcision Comes to America  - by Linda Burstyn - Atlantic Monthly, Oct 1995
  • Female Circumcision dmoz
  • Female Circumcision Introduction
  • Female Circumcision Issues Page
  • FEMALE CIRCUMCISION/ FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION The National Women's Health
  • Female Circumcision: Clitorectomy and Infibulations
  • Female Circumcision: Indications and a New Technique NOHARMM
  • Female CircumcisionCircumcision Information Pages
  • Female Genital Mutilation (Female Circumcision)
  • Female Genital Mutilation (RE9749) American Academy of Pediatrics
  • Female Genital Mutilation Research Home Page NOHARMM
  • FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION/FEMALE CIRCUMCISION
  • Female Genital Mutilation: Strategies For Eradication  - by Fran P. Hosken
  • Female Genital Mutliation - Female Circumcision  - Northern Arizona University
  • FGM Research Home Page
  • First lady celebrates African village that ended female circumcision  - News Star Online - Apr 2, 1998
  • Flacid, Semi-Erect, and Erect Penis Uncircumcised/Intact
  • For Man & Mate, Which Sex is Better -- Cut or Uncut?  by Mary G. Ray,
  • For pictures of NonCircumcised Penis
  • Foreskin far from useless, HSC pathologist says: Finding sheds light on ‘unkindest cut’. Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Foreskin hygiene
  • Foreskin reconstruction
  • Foreskin Restoration Circumcision Information Pages
  • Foreskin Restoration explained.Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Frenulum on Uncircumcised/Intact Penis. PHOTO
  • Frequently Asked Questions about NOHARMM and Circumcision
  • Full body pictures of males who are noncircumcised.
  • Functions of the ForeskinCircumcision Resource Center
  • Functions of the Intact Penis - color photos
  • General articles and books CIRP
  • General Circumcision InformationCircumcision Resource Center
  • Genital Mutilation & The United Nations: Male And Female Circumcision, Human Rights, & The Restoration Of Spiritual Integrity & Freedom- by Anastasios Zavales
  • Great is the Mitzvah of Milah...
  • Growing Up Uncut CIRCLIST
  • Harm Documentation FormNOHARMM
  • Haro sur la circoncision  La Montréalaise Margaret Somerville dénonce. FRANCE LÉGER. La Presse, le 7 août 1998, page A9
  • Health A to Z
  • Health: By Age and Gender: Men's Health: Foreskin Restoration dmoz
  • Health: By Age and Gender: Women's Health: Genital Mutilation dmoz
  • Historic highlightsNOCIRC
  • Historical Medical Quotes on Circumcision
  • History of Circumcision, Medical Conditions, and Sexual Activity and Risk of Penile Cancer  Maden C. Sherman KJ. Beckmann AM. Hislop TG. Teh CZ. Ashley RL. Daling JR..  Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Volume 85 Number 1: Pages 19-24, Jan 6, 1993.
  • History of circumcision; Historical and modern rationales for circumcision CIRP
  • Hospital circumcision (United States) NOHARMM
  • How can I help?NOHARMM
  • How Circumcision Awareness Benefits Society Circumcision Resource Center
  • How did circumcision start in the first place? NOHARMM
  • How do I know if I need a circumcision?  The Gilgal Society, Lo
  • How does NOHARMM differ from organizations like NOCIRC and NORM? NOHARMM
  • How is Female Circumcision Trivialized? The Same Way as Male Circumcision NOHARMM
  • How to Identify Circumcision Damage in the Adult Male NOHARMM
  • How You Can Help Circumcision Resource Center
  • How you can help NOCIRC
  • HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV)
  • Hygiene Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • I think this child has an infected penis after neonatal circumcision...” Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • If circumcision is so bad, why don't men speak out about it? NOHARMM
  • If NOHARMM is for children's rights, where does it stand on abortion? NOHARMM
  • If You Are Considering Research on Circumcision, Contact the Center Circumcision Resource Center
  • If Your Foreskin Does Not Retract Circumcision Resource Center
  • If Your Son is Not CircumcisedCircumcision Resource Center
  • Immunological functions of the human prepuce  P M Fleiss, F M Hodges, R S Van Howe.  Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 74, no. 5 (October 1998): pp. 364-367.
  • Impotence and Adult Circumcision  Joseph M. Stinson, M.D.+ Departments of Physiology and Medicine, Meharry Medical College, Nashville Tennessee.  Journal of the National Medical Association 1973; Volume 65: Page 161.
  • In Favour of Circumcision
  • In Memory of the Sexually Mutilated Child  by John A. Erickson.
  • In the merit of Milah
  • In The News dmoz
  • Indications For Circumcision (ICIRC)
  • IndicationsYahoo! Health  Resources
  • Infant Circumcision: "What I Wish I Had Known", by Marilyn Milos, R.N., Director of NOCIRC. The Truth Seeker, July/August, 1989.
  • Infant Responses During and Following Circumcision Circumcision Resource Center
  • Info-Circumcision - Circumcision Information Resource Centre. Info-Circoncision. 844-CIRC. Succ. Les Atriums  C. P. 32065 Montréal, QC H2L 4Y5  CANADA ``The Circumcision Information Resource Centre is a non-profit organisation located in Montréal, Québec, Canada which provides information about non-religious infant circumcision and related topics, in English and French.``
  • INFORMATION AND PICTURES OF UNCIRCUMCISED/INTACT & CIRCUMCISED PENIS PHOTO'S
  •  Information Center
  • Information for parentsCircumcision Information Pages
  • Informed consent NOCIRC
  • InformedConsent.ORG
  • Instruments & Techniques CIRCLIST
  • INTACT (Toronto, Canada).
  • International Circumcision Information Reference Centre (ICIRC)
  • International symposiaNOCIRC
  • Involuntary Circumcision: The Legal Issues (Van Howe, Svoboda, Dwyer & Price/1999)
  • Islam and Female Circumcision- by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D.
  • Isn't losing a foreskin pretty trivial compared to what they do to girls in Africa?NOHARMM
  • Isn't NOHARMM's terminology a little harsh (genital cutting, mutilation, intact, etc.)?NOHARMM
  • Jewish Associates of the CRC
  • Jewish Circumcision in the News Circumcision Resource Center
  • Justifying the Unjustifiable: Rite v. Wrong (Chessler/1997)
  • Kataan" of Moslem boy (Turkey) NOHARMM
  • KEEP CANADA INTACT!
  • Kvatter and Kvatterin (Godparents)
  • Legal issues NOCIRC
  • Legal referencesCIRP
  • Legitimization of Male and Female Circumcision
  • Lidocaine-prilocaine cream for analgesia during circumcision in newborn boys Taddio A,Ohlsson K,Ohlsson A.
  • Links to Circumcision Websites New Zealand Men for Equal Rights Association
  • Links to excellent material located elsewhere Circumcision Information Pages
  • List of Articles Showing That Sexually Transmitted Diseases Are Not Prevented by Circumcision
  • List of publications, information and resource centers Circumcision Information Pages
  • Literature about circumcisionCircumcision Information Pages
  • Male anatomy
  • Male circumcision and common sexually transmissible diseases in a developed nation setting B Donovan, I Bassett, N J Bodsworth. Genitourinary Medicine(UK) 1994, Volume 70, Pages 317-320.
  • Male Circumcision Incidence in Australia CIRP
  • Male Circumcision: A Gender Perspective Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Male Dyspareunia in the Uncircumcised Patient.  American Academy of Family Physicians.
  • Male Sexuality - Foreskin Anatomy
  • Management of Foreskin Problems P M Lafferty, F B MacGregor and W G Scobie
  • Medical Arguments Eliminated Excerpt from a Work-In-Progress by Mary G. Ray,
  • Medical association position papersNOCIRC
  • MEDICAL BENEFITS FROM CIRCUMCISION  "In Favour of Circumcision" by Dr Brian Morris, published by University of New South Wales Press, 1999,
  • Medical Benefits Of Circumcision   Dr. Brian J. Morris,
  • Medical Journal Articles dmoz
  • Medical reasons for postponement
  • Medical Terms & Penile Anatomy CIRCLIST
  • Medical Views dmoz
  • Medicinska Informations Centralen
  • MedNets
  • Men Circumcised as AdultsCircumcision Resource Center
  • Menstuff.
  • Message to America's Physicians Circumcision Resource Center
  • METHODS OF CIRCUMCISION
  • Minnesota Parent Online: The Final Cut Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • MOHEL.NET
  • Montreal ethicist calls circumcision ‘criminal assault’ Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • MORE ABOUT CIRCUMCISION Seth G. Derman, M.D.
  • More info and images on adam.com Yahoo! Health  Resources
  • Moslem boy at ceremonial circumcision (Turkey) NOHARMM
  • Mothers Against Circumcision
  • Mothers Who Observed Circumcision Circumcision Resource Center
  • Muslims' Genitalia in the Hands of the Clergy (Sami A. Aldeeb Abu-Sahlieh/August, 1998)
  • Mutilated Humanity - by Ashley Montagu
  • My Son, Clayton  by Amannda Schneider
  • My Wife Had Me Circumcised CIRCLIST
  • Myth versus Science Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Myths and Lies about Circumcision
  • Naming the baby
  • National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers (NOCIRC)  P.0. Box 471503 Charlotte, North Carolina 28247  (704) 367-2520 Fax: (704) 367-0107. NOCIRC is a non-governmental organization (NGO) in roster status with the Economic and Social Council of the  United Nations.
  • National Organization of Restoring Men - Southern California chapter
  • National Organization of Restoring Men (NORM)
  • National Organization of Restoring Men (NORM), Portland Oregon chapter
  • National Organization to Halt the Abuse and Routine Mutilation of Males. (NOHARMM)  A Health & Human Rights Organization. ``For over 100 years, English-speaking societies, most notably the United States, have debated the pros and cons of circumcising healthy male children. In a new era of children’s rights, greater respect for their rights must be accorded.``
  • Necrotizing fasciitis after Plastibell circumcision David P. Bliss, Jr., MD, Patrick J. Healey, MD, and John H. T. Waldhausen, MD.  JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, Volume 31, pages 459-462, September 1997.
  • Negative Aspects of Routine Infant Circumcision  by Wayne Hampton
  • Neonatal Circumcision Revisited  . Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Neonatal Circumcision: A Current Appraisal Dr. Thomas E. Wiswell, M.D.,F.A.A.P.
  • New AAP Circumcision Policy Released American Academy of Pediatrics
  • New Report Debunks Health Benefits of Circumcision
  • New Self-Circumcision Ring Introduced CIRCLIST
  • Newborn circumcision of Jewish or Moslem child (United Kingdom) NOHARMM
  • NEWBORN PENILE GLANS AMPUTATION DURING CIRCUMCISION AND SUCCESSFUL
  • Newborns: Care of the Uncircumcised Penis, a pamphlet from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
  • NOCIRC centers and affiliate organizationsNOCIRC
  • NOCIRC Home Page
  • NOCIRC of Massachusettes
  • NOCIRC of North Carolina
  • NOCIRC of Vermont
  • NOCIRC of Wisconsin
  • NOCIRC publications NOCIRC
  • NOHARMM Home Page
  • NORM, Portland, Oregon chapter
  • Normal development of the prepuce and the importance of smegma
  • NORM-UK  (Great Britain)
  • Not a Snip But 15 Square Inches (diagrams)
  • Nurses for the Rights of the Child
  • OBGYN.net
  • Of Breastfeeding, Maternal-Infant Bonding, and Circumcision. Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • On which day must the circumcision take place?
  • Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
  • Open Directory - Health: Children: Circumcision: Books - Publications - VideosDMOZ
  • OPPONENT OF CIRCUMCISION TO GET HUMAN RIGHTS AWARD.  The Vancouver Sun, August 6, 1998, page A11
  • Organizationsdmoz
  • Paediatric Urology Pages Dr. Richard M. Parker, M.D
  • Pain fuels circumcision debates By Bruce WILSON.
  • Pain of circumcision and pain control CIRP
  • Parental Rights - Parental Duties Ivan Goodhart
  • Patients in ARMS (Advocates Reforming Medical Standards)
  • PedInfo: A Pediatrics Web Server
  • Penile Anatomy  dmoz
  • penile cancer of 76 year old circumcised male
  • Penile Cancer: Prevention & Risk Factors - American Cancer Society
  • PENIS PHOTOS
  • Personal Preferences & Experiences CIRCLIST
  • Perspectives and Opinions dmoz
  • Perspectives: Men's Issues
  • Phimosis And Difficulty In Passing Water (ICIRC)
  • Phimosis: Is Circumcision Necessary?
  • Physicians for Human Rights
  • Pictures of both circumcised & Intact/Uncircumcised Penis
  • Pictures of noncircumcised penises.
  • Policy statements by medical organizations CIRP
  • Porn Flakes: Kellogg, Graham and the Crusade for Moral Fiber
  • Position Statements of Medical Societies in English-Speaking Countries Circumcision Resource Center
  • Post-circumcision ceremony (Turkey) NOHARMM
  • Posted by doctors and changing mores, advocates battle a rite Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Press Releases NOCIRC
  • Prisoners of Ritual: An Odyssey into Female Genital Circumcision in Africa
  • Psychological aspects of circumcision CIRP
  • Psychological Impact of Circumcision on Men Circumcision Resource Center
  • Questioning Circumcision, A Jewish Perspective, by Ronald Goldman Ph.D.
  • Questioning Jewish Circumcision  Circumcision Resource Center
  • QUESTIONS ASKED MOST ABOUT CIRCUMCISION  ACT
  • Questions teenagers ask about male. Circumcision  The Gilgal Society, Lo
  • Raising Our Sons Intact - Support from Circumcised Fathers of Intact Sons
  • Rationales for Routine Circumcision Circumcision Information Pages
  • Readers' FeedbackCircumcision Information Pages
  • REATTACHMENTGORDON R. GLUCKMAN, MARSHALL L. STOLLER, MARK M. JACOBS AND BARRY A. KOGAN Journal of Urology (Baltimore), vol. 153, no. 3 Part 1 (March 1995): pp.  778779.
  • Recent Medical Studies on Circumcision Circumcision Resource Center
  • Religious Circumcision  Mothers Against Circumcision
  • Religious Traditions and Circumcision by Gerald A. Larue
  • Researchers Conclude that Circumcision Does Not Protect Men From STDs
  • Response to American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement Circumcision Resource Center
  • Risks of Neonatal Circumcision Richard M. Parker, M.D.
  • RisksYahoo! Health  Resources
  • Rites & Practices Around the World CIRCLIST
  • Robert Riley's Circumcision Information Center
  • Routine Infant Circumcision CIRCLIST
  • SAVE THE NORMAL FORESKIN.    Widespread confusion over what the medical indications for circumcision are.  By Andrew Gordon and Jack Collin.  BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL (LONDON) Volume 306, Pages 1-22, 2 January 1993.
  • Say No to Circumcision, by Thomas Ritter, M.D. and George Denniston, M.D.
  • Senegal bans female circumcision  - BBC News Online - Dec 23, 1998
  • Separated at Birth: Men's Health magazine Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Sexual Dysfunction or Reduction in Sensation from Circumcision  Mothers Against Circumcision
  • Sexual Preference for a Circ Penis Mothers Against Circumcision
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections Journal- October 1998 Abstracts
  • Should You Circumcise Your Newborn Son Issues Column by Dr. George Denniston
  • SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASED COMPLICATION RISK WITH MASS CIRCUMCISIONS E. Ozdemir Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey. BRITISH JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, Vol 80, Pages 136-139, August 1997.
  • Similarities between male circumcision and female genital mutilation,by Hanny Lightfoot­Klein.
  • Similarities in Attitudes and Misconceptions toward Male Circumcision in North America and Ritual FGM in Africa
  • Similarities in Male & Female Genital Anatomy NOHARMM
  • Society: Religion and Spirituality: Faiths and Beliefs: Judaism: Ritual Circumcisiondmoz
  • Socio-sexual aspects
  • Statistics on Human Genital Mutilation NOHARMM
  • Styles & Results of Circumcision CIRCLIST
  • Sugar-dipped Pacifier and Improved Restraint Ease Circumcision Distress American Academy of Pediatrics
  • Technique of Neonatal Circumcision.
  • Teen Preferences CIRCLIST
  • The blood of milah suppresses Hashem's anger
  • The Brit ceremony
  • The British Medical Journal
  • The Case Against Circumcision Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • The Chair of Elijah
  • The Circumcision Decision: An Overview by Mary G. Ray,©1998 Last Modification: 11/1/99 Mothers Against Circumcision
  • The Circumcision Meal
  • The Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
  • The Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University
  • The Effect of Male Circumcision on the Sexual Enjoyment of the Female Partner (O'Hara/1999)
  • The End of Circumcision in America Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.) 2442 NW Market St. Suite 42 Seattle, Washington, 98107 U.S.A. George C. Denniston M.D., M.P.H. President
  • The father’s role
  • The Foreskin is Necessary  NOHARMM
  • The history of circumcision in the United States has been extensively researched by medical historian  DavidGollaher [J. Social History 1994; 28:5­36].
  • The impact of circumcision on male sexuality is described by Marilyn Milos and Donna Macris in Human Sexuality: an Encyclopedia [Garland, New York, 1994, p. 119­122].
  • The Importance of Checking Uncircumcised Boys Before Puberty Robin Stuart
  • The issue of pain during circumcision
  • The Izmail knife
  • The Jewish Roots of Anti-Circumcision Arguments by Lisa Braver Moss
  • The Joy of Uncircumcising, by Jim Bigelow Ph.D.
  • The maligned foreskin has won a clean bill of health in infants’ urinary-tract infections. ......  In a prospective study at St. Louis University of 52 circumcised and 56 uncircumcised infants under 6 months with a first UTI, 72 had clinical pyelonephritis. Yet circumcision status (35 were circumcised) wasn’t significant, while anatomical obstructions were..... Physician`sWeekly
  • The Men's Media Network
  • The Milah
  • The Miserable Tradition Of Female Circumcision - By Deborah Horan - Sep 28, 1997
  • The Mitzvah that's always there
  • The Mohel
  • The Mohel
  • The Mohel and the Sandek
  • The National Coalition of Free Men (NCFM)
  • The New Zealand Men's Rights Association
  • The normal development of the penile prepuce CIRP
  • The Normal Foreskin (ICIRC)
  • The Online Birth Center
  • The Origin of Non-Religious Circumcision by Mary G. Ray ©1997, All Rights Reserved Circumcision itself began as a religious ritual or puberty rite as long as 6000 years ago. Mothers Against Circumcision
  • The others present
  • The Pidyon Haben
  • The Prepuce: Specialized Mucosa of the Penis and its Loss to Circumcision - color photos (Taylor/1996)
  • The prepuce: Specialized mucosa of the penis and its loss to circumcision   by J.R. Taylor, A.P. Lockwood and A.J. Taylor. Department of Pathology, Health Sciences Centre, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. British Journal of Urology (1996), 77, 291-295, CIRP
  • The Principal Methods Of Circumcision by Vernon Quaintance
  • The Problem of Circumcision in America NOHARMM
  • The Problem of Incorrect Diagnosis of Phimosis Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • THE PROBLEM OF ROUTINE INFANT CIRCUMCISION    Hawa Patel, M.B., Ch.B. (Cape Town), D.C.H., M.R.C.P.(E),. CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL, VOL 95 (Sept 10, 1966): Pages 576-581.
  • The psychological impact of circumcision  R. GOLDMAN. Circumcision Resource Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA . BJU International, Volume 83 Supplement 1, Pages 93-102, January 1, 1999
  • THE QUESTION OF ROUTINE NEONATAL CIRCUMCISION by Ronald L. Poland, M. D. THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, Vol. 322, No. 18 (May 3, 1990), Pages1312-1315.
  • The reason for Brit Milah
  • The Right to Our Own Bodies (Hodges/1995)
  • The Rite of Female Circumcision  - Ethnic NewsWatch
  • The Role of the Prepuce in Disease and Hygiene
  • The role of the prepuce in hygiene, disease, and infections CIRP
  • The Save The Boys Fund
  • The self-sacrifice involved
  • The Sexual Anatomy of Man Elf Sternberg
  • The Sexual Preference for a Circumcised Penis and its Disadvantages  by Mary G. Ray .  Mothers Against Circumcision
  • The Shalom Zachar
  • The Three Zones of Penile Skin (photos)
  • The Three Zones of Penile Skin (Uncircumcised Penis) by John A. Erickson
  • To Mutilate in the Name of Jehovah or Allah: Legitimization of Male and Female Circumcision (Aldeeb/1994)
  • Treatment of Phimosis
  • Tuli" ritual of Filipino boys (Philippines) NOHARMM
  • Turkish Army Circumcising Muslim Kosovar Boys CIRCLIST
  • Twins
  • U.S. anti-circumcision activist cheers Canadian’s attack on practice Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Uncircumcised Men
  • Uncircumcised/Intact Penis
  • Underground circumcision
  • Unethical studies hide tissue issue (May 2, 1997) By Deborah PEARCE.
  • Uninvited guests
  • University Hospital Nijmegen Department of Urology
  • Unnecessary Circumcision,  by George Denniston, M.D. The Female Patient, July 1992.
  • Urinary Tract Infection and Circumcision
  • Urinary Tract Infection Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Urinary Tract Infections and Circumcision. Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • Urinary Tract Infections: What the medical profession isn’t telling you Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • urinary-tract infection. Teresa To, Mohammad Agha, Paul T Dick, William Feldman. THE LANCET, Volume 352, Number 9143, 5 December 1998.
  • Use of EMLA Anesthetic Cream
  • Vach Nacht" – The night before the brit
  • Valencia Declaration on Sexual Rights (XIII World Congress on Sexology/1997
  • Voices Intact
  • Warrior Marks : Female Genital Mutilation and the Sexual Blinding of Women (Harvest Book)
  • What about parental rights and peoples’ religious freedoms? NOHARMM
  • WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF CIRCUMCISION ? ICON
  • What are the advantages of circumcision?   Seth G. Derman, M.D.
  • What are the benefits of circumcision?.. Richard M. Parker, M.D.
  • What are the contraindications to circumcision?..Richard M. Parker, M.D.
  • What are the disadvantages of circumcision?  Seth G. Derman, M.D.
  • What happens during a circumcision? Circumcision Information Pages
  • What happens during circumcision? (PlastiBell)
  • What have FGC opponents stated publicly about male genital cutting? NOHARMM
  • What is Circumcision?  The Gilgal Society, Lo
  • What Is Lost?  Mothers Against Circumcision
  • What is the best way to care for the uncircumcised penis? Richard M. Parker, M.D.
  • What time of day should the brit take place?
  • When can a circumcision be done? Richard M. Parker, M.D.
  • When do you want your sons circumcised? Circumcision Information Resource Centre
  • When the Brit should take place
  • Where Is My Foreskin? The Case Against Circumcision Paul M. Fleiss, MD
  • Who supports circumcision? NOHARMM
  • Whose Body, Whose Rights?"
  • Why Circumcise?  The Gilgal Society, Lo
  • Why do some people say that male and female genital cutting shouldn't be discussed together? NOHARMM
  • Why does circumcision persist in the U.S.? NOHARMM
  • Why does NOHARMM focus only on male genital cutting? Doesn't it care about female genital cutting?What do you mean the U.S. is the "largest offender"? NOHARMM
  • Why Masters & Johnson's 1966 Circumcision Study is Flawed NOHARMM
  • Why Most Circumcised Men Seem Satisfied Circumcision Resource Center
  • Why not before the eighth day?
  • Why specifically on the eighth day?
  • Women Involved In Male Circ CIRCLIST
  • Women's Preferences CIRCLIST
  • WWW.Circumstitions.COM
  • You won't leave home without it!"
  • Collection by G. Karakatsanis